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Instroduction to IELTS Structure


IELTS is an International English Language Testing System. It is a standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers who want to study, work or migrate in a country where English is the main language of communication. It is jointly managed by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment.

IELTS is accepted by most Australian, British, Canadian and New Zealand academic institutions, by over 3,000 academic institutions in the United States, and by various professional organizations across the world.
IELTS is the only Secure English Language Test approved by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) for visa customers applying both outside and inside the UK. It is also a requirement for immigration to Australia and New Zealand and Canada.

It is categorized into General IELTS and Academic IELTS
IELTS General measures English language proficiency in a practical, everyday environment. The task and test focuses on both workplace and social situations..
IELTS Academic measures English language proficiency needed for an academic or a higher learning environment. The tasks and test are accessible to all test-takers, irrespective of the subjects they choose.
IELTS uses a nine-band scale to clearly identify levels of proficiency, from non-user (band score 1) through to expert (band score 9).

Test Format of IELTS. The IELTS test assesses your abilities in the following four categories-
1. Listening
2. Reading
3. Writing
4. Speaking


LISTENING
 TIME ALLOWED  30 MIN. + 10 MIN.
 PROCEDURE
  •  1. FIRST MODULE OF THE TEST
  •  2. CASSETTE IS PLAYED
  •  3. INDIVIDUAL HEAD PHONES ARE PROVIDED
  •  4. ATTEMPTING QUESTIONS FROM THE BOOKLET
  •  5. TRANSFERING ANSWERS (USING PENCIL ONLY)
 NUMBER OF QUESTIONS  40 QUESTIONS DISTRIBUTED OVER 4 SECTIONS
 STRUCTURE
  •  SECTION 1 – Conversation on a social/semi-official topic
  •  SECTION 2 – A monologue about a social topic
  •  SECTION 3 – Conversation on between 2-4 speakers about an academic topic
  •  SECTION 4 – A university-style presentation of an academic topic by one speaker




READING ACADEMIC Vs GENERAL
DESCRIPTION ACADEMIC READING GENERAL READING
 TIME ALLOWED  60 MIN.  60 MIN.
 PROCEDURE
  •  1. SECOND MODULE OF THE TEST
  •  2. ATTEMPTING QUESTIONS FROM BOOKLET AFTER READING UNSEEN PASSAGES
  •  3. TRANSFERING ANSWERS (No extra time provided)
  •  4. ONLY PENCIL IS ALLOWED
  •  1. SECOND MODULE OF THE TEST
  •  2. ATTEMPTING QUES. FROM BOOKLET AFTER READING UNSEEN PASSAGES
  •  3. TRANSFERING ANSWERS (No extra time provided)
  •  4. ONLY PENCIL IS ALLOWED
 NUMBER OF QUESTIONS  40 QUESTIONS DISTRIBUTED OVER 3 SECTIONS
 3 LONG PASSAGES
 40 QUESTIONS DISTRIBUTED OVER 3 SECTIONS
 5-6 PASSAGES (4-5 SHORT AND 1 LONG)
 QUESTION TYPES  T/F/NG, HEADINGS, MCQs, SENTENCE COMPLETION, MATCHING etc.  T/F/NG, HEADINGS, MCQs, SENTENCE COMPLETION, MATCHING etc.
 STRUCTURE
  •  1. THREE LONG READING PASSAGES WITH TASKS
  •  2. TEXTS RANGE FROM DESCRIPTIVEAND FACTUAL TO DISCURSIVE AND ANALYTICAL
  •  3. INCLUDES NON-VERBAL MATERIAL SUCH AS DIAGRAMS, GRAPHS OR ILLUSTRATIONS
  •  1. 5-6 PASSAGES OVER 3 SECTIONS
  •  2. SECTION 1 CONTAINS 2-3 SHORT FACTUAL TEXTS
  •  3. SECTION 2 CONTAINS 2 SHORT WORK RELATED FACTUAL TEXTS
  •  4. SECTION 3 CONTAINS 1 LONG TEXT




WRITING ACADEMIC Vs GENERAL
DESCRIPTION ACADEMIC WRITING GENERAL WRITING
 TIME ALLOWED  60 MIN.  60 MIN.
 PROCEDURE
  •  1. THIRD MODULE OF THE TEST
  •  2. TWO WRITING TASKS OF SPECIFIED
  •  3. WORD LIMITS TO BE COMPLETED
  •  4. OPTION OF USING A PEN OR A PENCIL
  •  1. THIRD MODULE OF THE TEST
  •  2. TWO WRITING TASKS OF SPECIFIED
  •  3. WORD LIMITS TO BE COMPLETED
  •  4. OPTION OF USING A PEN OR A PENCIL
 FORMAT OF QUESTIONS  1. INTERPRETING AND DESCRIBING A GRAPH/CHART
 2. GIVING AN OPINION OR SUGGESTING A SOLUTION TO A PROBLEM
 1. WRITING A LETTER
 2. GIVING AN OPINION OR SUGGESTING A SOLUTION TO A PROBLEM
 DIFFICULTY LEVEL  MORE DIFFICULT  EASIER
 WORD LIMIT
  •  1. 150 WORDS FOR GRAPH/CHART
  •  2. 250 WORDS FOR ESSAY
  •  1. 150 WORDS FOR GRAPH/CHART
  •  2. 250 WORDS FOR ESSAY


SPEAKING
 TIME ALLOWED  10 TO 15 MIN.
 PROCEDURE
  •  1. ONE TO ONE INTERVIEW
  •  2. ENTIRE CONVERSATION IS RECORDED
 STRUCTURE
  •  1. INTRODUCTION AND INTERVIEW
  •  2. INTRODUCTION AND INTERVIEW
  •  3. EXTENDED QUESTIONS ON TOPIC CARD
  •  4. DISCUSSION
 WHAT IS ASSESSED
  •  1. GRAMMAR
  •  2. FLUENCY
  •  3. PRONUNCIATION
  •  4. VOCABULARY
  •  5. BODY LANGUAGE

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